MFFP - Sport fishing in Québec including salmon fishing - Main rules
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Sport fishing in Québec including salmon fishing
Main rules - Season 2016-2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

Catch, possession and length limits

Daily fishing quotas

The daily catch limit includes fish caught and kept. Fish that are released are not included in the catch limit. To comply with the limit, the licence holder must calculate the fish caught and kept by everyone who is fishing under his licence. The limit also includes the fish caught and consumed during the day. To find out about the daily catch limits, including in national parks, wildlife reserves and controlled harvesting zones (ZECs), please consult the section entitled “Fishing periods and catch limits” on the Department website.

Caution: For Atlantic salmon, although fish released into the water are not counted as part of the catch limit, it is nevertheless important to comply with the catch-and-release limit where applicable.

The fish caught and eaten or intended to be eaten on the day they are caught must be included in the daily catch limit for that day.
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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018

The catch limit for char in zones 17 and 22 to 24 is expressed by weight. In the case of fish that are not whole, the weight limit is calculated as follows:

Note: It is prohibited to continuing fishing for a species once the daily catch limit applicable to the species and the water body has been caught and kept, unless fishing occurs on another water body or the catch limit for the species is higher. In the case of Atlantic salmon, it is also prohibited to continue fishing during the day, on the same water body, once the catch-and-release limit applicable to the species and the water body has been reached. However, fishing may be continued on another water body.

A licence holder may only catch the number of fish that he is authorized to do so even if accompanied by other licence holders.

You may only release into the water the number of salmon you are personally authorized to release, regardless of whether or not you are accompanied by other licence holders

Possession limit

The authorized sportfishing possession limit in a zone for a fish species caught while sportfishing corresponds to the daily catch limit stipulated for the species in this zone.

In such a zone, an individual may have in his possession a number of fish caught while sportfishing that exceeds the quantity stipulated in the zone, provided that the surplus fish come from other zones and were caught in accordance with the catch limits stipulated in the other zones. The highest catch limit established in Québec in respect of a species may not, under any circumstances, be exceeded.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, when an individual is in a national park, a wildlife reserve, a communal wildlife area, a controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) or on a water body, he may not, at any time, possess a number of fish that exceeds the catch limit stipulated for the park, wildlife reserve, communal wildlife area, controlled harvesting zone (ZEC) or water body.

Such rules also apply to rainbow smelt.

However, as there are water bodies where the catch limit stipulated for such species exceeds the limit established for the zone, an individual may possess fish from one such water body even if the limit exceeds that limit applicable to the zone.

Length limit

How to measure fish :

The length of a fish is its “total length”, that is, from the tip of the snout to the tip of the tail. However, the length of Atlantic salmon is its “fork length”, that is, from the tip of the snout to the fork of the tail.

It is prohibited to catch and keep or have in your possession a fish from the waters specified that does not comply with the length limits indicated in the following table.

If a fish species or a zone is not mentioned in the table, no length limit applies to the species in this zone.

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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018

Waters covered

Length limits1
See the section entitled
"How to measure fish"

State of fish
(transportation and possession elsewhere than at the permanent residence)

STRIPED BASS

ZONE 21
Waters of BAIE-DES-CHALEURS and a portion of the GULF OF ST. LAWRENCE (the portion located between the downstream side of the Campbellton bridge, including the waters of Baie des Chaleurs and the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and a straight line connecting the western end of the Cap-Gaspé coast (48°44'52" N., 64°09'42" W.) and the boundary of zone 21 situated in the Gulf of St. Lawrence at (48°13'14" N., 63°47'29" W.))

You may keep striped bass measuring 50 to
65 centimetres inclusively

 

Whole only2

WALLEYE3

See the section entitled "How to distinguish walleye from sauger"

ZONES 3 to 12, 21 and 27 except for the following waters:

You may keep yellow walleye between 37 cm up to and including 53 cm in length

Yellow walleye and sauger must be whole2 or wallet filleted6 (see the section entitled How to cut up “wallet fillets”)

Sauger: no length limit.

Réserve faunique Papineau-Labelle (zone 10)
Zec Petawaga
(zone 11)

Yellow walleye and sauger: no length limit

Yellow walleye and sauger may be whole2 or filleted and it must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the fillet)

Réserve faunique La Vérendrye
(zones 12 and 13) except for the following waters:

You may keep yellow walleye 32 cm or more in length

Yellow walleye and sauger must be whole2 or in fillets. The fillets must be 20 cm or more in length. The skin must adhere over the entire length of the fillet.

Sauger: no length limit.

Lakes: Lac au Barrage, Lac Byrd, Lac Embarras, Lac Giroux (including Lac Nichcotea, Lac Nicolas, Lac Desty, Lac Darcy and Lac des Neuf Milles), Lac Grand, Lac Jean-Péré, Lac Joncas, Lac Larive, Lac Larouche, Lac Orignal, Lac Petit Poigan, Lac Poigan, Lac Portage, Lac Poulter, Lac Savary, Lac Tomasine and the Cabonga reservoir

You may keep yellow walleye between 37 cm up to and including 53 cm

Yellow walleye and sauger must be whole2 or wallet filleted6 (see the section entitled How to cut up “wallet fillets”)

Sauger: no length limit.

Lakes: Lac Anwatan, Lac Carrière, Lac Canimina, Lac Camatose, Lac Rodin, Lac Padoue and the Dozois reservoir

You may keep yellow walleye between 32 cm up to and including 47 cm in length

Yellow walleye and sauger must be whole2 or wallet filleted6 (see the section entitled How to cut up “wallet fillets”)

Sauger: no length limit.

ZONES 13 east and 13 west, except for the following waters:

You may keep yellow walleye between 32 cm up to and including 47 cm in length

Yellow walleye and sauger must be whole2 or wallet filleted6 (see the section entitled How to cut up “wallet fillets”)

Sauger: no length limit.
Kipawa reservoir and lakes: Lac Kipawa, Lac Audoin, Lac Desquerac, Lac Grindstone, Lac Hunter, Lac McLachlin, Lac Hunter’s Point and the river between lac Audoin and lac Hunter's Point
Zecs : Dumoine, Restigo, Kipawa and Maganasipi

You may keep yellow walleye between 37 cm up to and including 53 cm in length

Yellow walleye and sauger must be whole2 or wallet filleted6 (see the section entitled How to cut up “wallet fillets”)

Sauger: no length limit.

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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018
Zones 14, 15, 26, 28 and 29 except for the following waters:

You may keep yellow walleye between 32 cm up to and including 47 cm in length

Yellow walleye and sauger must be whole2 or fwallet filleted6 (see the section entitled How to cut up “wallet fillets”)

Sauger: no length limit.

Communal wildlife area of Lac-Saint-Jean (Zone 28), except lac à Jim and the part of Micosas River between its mouth and the falls situated 1 km upstream of the mouth of the rivière Aux Dorés

Mont-Tremblant National Park (zone 15)

Ashuapmushuan wildlife reserve (zone 28)

Zec Lesueur, Zec Normandie, Zec Mazana and Zec de la Maison-de-Pierre (zone 15)

Zec Borgia, Zec du Chapeau-de-Paille, Zec de la Croche, Zec Frémont, Zec du Gros-Brochet, Zec Kiskissink and Zec Menokeosawin (zone 26)

Yellow walleye and sauger: no length limit

Yellow walleye and sauger may be whole2 or filleted. A piece of skin must adhere to the fillet and it must be possible to count the fish.

ZONES 16, 17, 22 North and 22 South, except for the following waters:

You may keep yellow walleye between 37 up to and including 53 cm in lenght, one of which may be more than 53 cm.

Yellow walleye and sauger may be whole2 or wallet filleted6 (see the section entitled How to cut up “wallet fillets”) and it must be possible to count and identify the fish (the skin must adhere over the entire length of the fillet.)

Sauger: no length limit.
Lacs Albanel-Mistassini-and-Waconichi wildlife reserve and lac Assinica wildlife reserve (zone 22) and the Eastmain and Weh-Sees-Indohoun sectors (zone 22)

Yellow walleye and sauger : no length limit.

Yellow walleye and sauger may be whole2 or filleted and it must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the fillet)
ZONE 25

You may keep yellow walleye and sauger 40 cm or less in length between March 1 and 31, between May 20, 2016 and  and June, 2016 and between May 19, 2017 and June 15, 20175

Whole only.2

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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018

LAKE STURGEON

ZONE 25

You may keep lake sturgeon measuring 106 cm or less.

Whole only.2

Zones 7, 8 and 21 You may keep lake sturgeon between 80 cm and 130 cm in length

Whole only.2

MUSKELLUNGE
The St. Lawrence River (zones 7, 8 and 21), including the following waters:

Lac Saint-Louis (zone 8);

the Lachine Rapids (zone 8);

the La Prairie Basin (zone 8);

the Rivière des Mille Îles (zone 8);

the Rivière des Prairies (zone 8);

Lac des Deux Montagnes (zone 8);

the portion of the rivière des Outaouais located in zone 8.

You may keep muskellunge 111 cm or more in length

Whole only.2

Zone 25 and lac St-François (zone 8)

You may keep muskellunge 137 cm or more in length

LANDLOCKED SALMON

Lac Memphrémagog (zone 6)

You may keep landlocked salmon 42 cm or more in length

Whole only.2
ATLANTIC SALMON
ZONES 1 to 29 You may keep Atlantic salmon 30 cm or more in length, which must also comply with any other applicable length limit which would apply and the daily quotas established for each river or each sector of the river7 Whole only.2
LAKE TROUT (and splake)4

ZONES 1 to 8

You may keep lake trout 60 cm or more in length

Whole1 only where a length limit applies. Elsewhere, lake trout may be whole or filleted. It must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the filet). 

ZONES 9 to 18, 20, 21 and 25 to 28, except for the following waters:

You may keep lake trout 45 cm or more in length

Whole1 only where a length limit applies. Elsewhere, lake trout may be whole or filleted. It must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the filet).

ZONE 13: Kipawa reservoir, lakes : Kipawa, Audoin, Desquerac, Grindstone, Hunter , McLachlin, Hunter's Point and the river between lac Audoin and lac Hunter's Point

You may keep lake trout 65 cm or more in length

Whole1 only . It must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the filet).
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Zone 9: Lac Blanc (46°19'52'' N74°12'51''W), Lac Laurel (45°52'18'' N 74°28'38'' W), Lac des Sables (46°02'37'' N 74°18'10'' W), and Lac Ouareau. The Rivière Ouareau between Lac Blanc and Lac Ouareau (46°18' 54'' N 74°11'20'' W) and between the highway 125 bridge and Lac Blanc;

Zone 10: Lac de l’Achigan, Lac de l'Argile, Lac Blue Sea, Lac Boisseau, Lac Cameron, Lac Castors, Lac Cayamant, Lac du Cerf, Lac Chapleau (46°14'54'' N 74°56'14'' W), Lac du Corbeau (46°12' N 75°28' W), Lac Danford, Lac de la Décharge (46°07' 06'' N 74°48'12'' W), Lac Dumont, Lac Earhart,  Lac Gagnon, Lac Galarneau, Lac Gatineau, Grand lac des Cèdres (46°18'14'' O N 76°06'47'' W), Grand lac Rond, Lac Heney, Lac Kensington, Lac à la Loutre (45°59' N 74°39' W), Lac Marie-Louise, Lac La Minerve (46°13'28 " N 75°01'42" W), Grand lac Nominingue, Lac Patterson, Lac Pemichangan, Petit lac des Cèdres (46°16'30'' N 76°04'30'' W), Petit lac du Cerf (46°17' 20'' N 75°31'51'' W), Lac Petit Preston, Lac Quinn, Lac Rognon, Lac Saint-Germain (46°14' N 75°30' W), Lac Serpent, Lac Simon, Lac des Trente et Un Milles, Lac Trois Montagnes, Lac Viceroy, Lac Xavier;

Poisson Blanc reservoir including lakes Cuillèrier, du Brochet and Doré

Zone 11: Lac Chaud, Lac Chub, Lac des Cornes, Lac David (46°35' 26'' N 75°12'52'' W), Lac Gravel, Lac Pérodeau, Lac Pope, Lac Rochon;

Zone 12: Lac Branssat and Lac Lynch

Zone 13 east: Lac Terrasses

Zone 13 west: Lac en Cœur, Lac Marin, Lac Memewin, and Lac Tee;

Zone 14: Lac Foie, Lac des Dix-Milles (47°53'57 " N 74°48'23" W); and Lac Peter (48°14'21" N 74°12'19" W);

Zone 15: Lac Cousineau (47°01' N 73°59' W), Lac Culotte (47°09' N 74°02' W, Lac Kempt (47°26' N 74°16' W), Lac Manouane, Lac Maskinongé (Saint-Gabriel-de-Brandon), Lac Opwaiak, Lac Troyes and Lac Villiers (47°08' N 74°02' W);

Zone 16: Lac Long (49°52' N 78°16' W) and Lac des Montagnes;

You may keep lake trout 55 cm or more in length.

Whole1 only where a length limit applies. Elsewhere, lake trout may be whole or filleted. It must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the filet).

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Sport Fishing in Québec - 2016-2018

Zone 17: Lac Antoinette, Lac Armitage, Lac Barlow, Lac Caché, Lac Chevrier, Lac Claude, Lac David, Lac Doda, Lac aux Dorés (49°52' N 78°16' W) Lac Dufresne, Lac Dulieux, Lac Gilman, Lac Gwillim, Lac Lefebvre (49°58'17" N 79°23'43" W), Lac Lymburner, Lac Nicole, Lac Pusticamica, Lac Sauvage (49°53'36" N 74°23'07" W), Lac Scott and Lac Simon;

Zone 26: Lac Châteauvert (47°39'24" N 73°55'15" W), Lac des Pins rouges (46°36'17" N 73°07'07" W), Lac des Souris (46°35'00" N 72°59'39" W) and Lac Touridi;

Zone 27: Lac Saint-Joseph;

Zone 28: Lac Ménicanane and Lac Chaumonot.

You may keep lake trout 55 cm or more in length.

Whole1 only where a length limit applies. Elsewhere, lake trout may be whole or filleted. It must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the filet).
Portion A of zone 19 South and zones 22 South and 29

You may keep lake trout less than 60 cm in length (catch and possession limit of three)

Whole1 only where a length limit applies. Elsewhere, lake trout may be whole or filleted. It must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the filet).

Portion B of zone 19 South and zones 22 North, 23 and 24

You may keep lake trout less than 60 cm in length (catch and possessionlimit of three, one of which may be 60 cm and more in length).

Whole1 only where a length limit applies. Elsewhere, lake trout may be whole or filleted. It must be possible to count and identify the fish (a piece of skin must adhere to the filet).

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  1. Length: the distance measured in a straight line between the tip of the snout and the tip of the tail fin, except in the case of Atlantic salmon, on which the distance is measured in a straight line between the tip of the snout and the fork in the tail.
  2. The fish must be whole but it may be gutted.
  3. It is possible that the preceding rules respecting the length limit for walleye do not apply or are different in certain outfitting operations with exclusive rights in zones 13, 14, 15 and 28. To obtain additional information, please contact the outfitting operation.  
  4. The measurements of lake trout do not apply in national parks, wildlife reserves, controlled harvesting zones (ZECs) and on certain water bodies located in the territories of a number of outfitting operation with exclusive rights in zones 10 to 15, 18 and 26 to 28.
  5. No size limit applies to walleye outside of these periods.
  6. It is mandatory to cut up “wallet fillets” to identify the species and determine the length at locations where it is necessary to do so. The fish must have the following length:
    • In the case of yellow walleye in respect of which the length range fished is set at 32 cm or more and less than 47 cm, the two fillets must measure 24 cm or more and less than 35 cm, measured from the tip of the tail fin to the interior attachment point of the pectoral fin. The fillets must be connected by the tail and the pectoral fins and the skin must adhere to the fillet.
    • In the case of yellow walleye in respect of which the length range fished is set at 38 cm or more and less than 53 cm, the two fillets must measure 28 cm or more and less than 40 cm, measured from the tip of the tail fin to the interior attachment point of the pectoral fin. The fillets must be connected by the tail and the pectoral fins and the skin must adhere to the fillet.
  7. The catch limit for salmon is expressed in terms of “big” and “small” salmon:
    • Big salmon: 63 cm or more in length;
    • Small salmon: measuring 30 cm or more but less than 63 cm in length.

How to cut up “wallet fillets

  

Yellow walleye and sauger can be distinguished in the following manner:


When you wash the fish prior to transporting it, ensure that the species can be identified, calculate the number and, as the case may be, measure the length.



© Gouvernement du Québec, 2017