MFFP - Trapping in Québec - Specific regulations on a trapline
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Specific regulations on a trapline

General conditions

Traplines are parcels of land located in ZECs, wildlife sanctuaries and specially designated lands of the State domain.

Operation of the trapline is conditional upon obtaining a nine-year lease of exclusive trapping rights. This lease sets the conditions of the agreement between the Department and the lessee regarding the harvesting of furbearing animals on this trapline. The exclusive rights granted for this trapline are subject to compliance with the lease’s conditions.

In addition to the price of a professional trapping licence, trapline holders must pay the annual fee of the rent of the trapline, between September 1st and November 1st, to a computerized distributor of hunting, fishing and trapping licences.This fee is set at $1.79 per km2 of trapline (plus tax). The minimum fee payable for a trapline is $18.01.

To trap on a trapline, a person must have a lease with exclusive trapping rights for said trapline. Every other person may also trap there if he has in his possession a document attesting to the authorization to trap obtained from the leaseholder. The same rule applies to trap on a territory with exclusive trapping rights belonging to an outfitting operation.

Buildings and constructions

Holders of a lease with exclusive trapping rights may erect buildings for the purposes of carrying on their activity. They must, however, comply with the standards and conditions established by regulation. Trapline holders may obtain this information at the Department's Customer Services at 1 877 346-6763.

If they lose or relinquish their trapping rights, trappers must transfer ownership of their buildings to the new lessee in accordance with the stipulated terms and conditions. To be authorized to trap on the land, the new lessee must have acquired the buildings. However, in cases where the sound value of a building is superior to the maximum value established by regulation ($ 6000) and the owner does not consent to sell it at the maximum value, he is required to demolish or remove the building within one year.

Assignment of rights and obligations

The holder of a territory under lease with exclusive trapping rights may, if he or she makes a written application to the Department no later than August 1 of the current year, be authorized to assign all his or her rights and obligations to the holder of a “P” code trapper’s licence, provided he or she meets the conditions established by regulation, i.e. the obligation, for the lease holder, to have trapped on the trapline in question in the year preceding the year in which the assignment takes place. For further information on the conditions, please contact the regional office of the region in which the trapline is located.

Two holders of territories under lease with exclusive trapping rights may, if they make a written application to the Department no later than August 1 of the current year, be authorized to exchange their rights and obligations under their respective leases, provided they meet the conditions established by regulation, including the obligation for both lease holders to have trapped on their respective traplines during the year in which the exchange takes place. For further information on the conditions, please contact the regional office of the region in which the traplines are located. Costs apply to transfers such as these.

Obligation to deal

Holders of a professional trapping licence who hold a lease with exclusive trapping rights (trapline or outfitting operation) are required to deal, on an annual basis, during the period when their licence is valid, with a fur trader, dresser or auction house for at least 15 raw pelts from at least five furbearing animal species trapped on the territory described in their lease.

These raw pelts must originate exclusively from the trapline described in the licence holder's lease. Furbearing animals trapped outside the territory described in the lease or on other traplines must not be included in this calculation.

However, a licence holder may use pelts from animals trapped by other professional trappers he or she has authorized to trap on the territory described in the lease, as long as the licence holder does not draw any advantage from it.

Where the surface area of the trapline described in the lease is 20 km2 or less, the minimum number of raw pelts to be dealt is reduced to ten. The pelts must come from at least three furbearing animal species trapped on the territory described in the lease.

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